What is a Full Stack Developer? [A Complete Guide for Beginners]

If you’re an independent technology consultant or an entrepreneur with an in-house team of front-end developers, back-end developers, DevOps, and database professionals, you may face challenges in managing the entire team and communicating ideas.

So, instead of managing a bunch of professionals/specialized developers, how about hiring a full stack developer wondering, what is a full-stack developer? who helps to cut the costs and deals with a solution quickly? Moreover, full-stack web developers can be a single point of contact for the communication of your project.

When you hire developers from a full stack development company,

  • You have to spend less time training your developers
  • You can get the finished product with the latest web safety norms and regulations
  • You can expect a better and functional website in a short time as they have fundamental coding skills
  • You’re investing in an experienced person who can take the initiative and get to work efficiently

Before understanding the responsibilities and advantages, let’s first understand what is a full stack developer?

What Does a Full Stack Developer Mean?

A full-stack developer is someone skilled to work exclusively on the application’s front-end development technologies, backend web development technologies, databases, DevOps, and mobile apps. A full-stack developer can deal with the technologies behind the entire application stack.

To be precise, a full-stack developer is a jack of all trades; can work with the JavaScript code as well as My SQL queries.

Full-stack engineers have a clear understanding of software architecture:

  • Presentation layer: Deals with the front-end part of the application, i.e. user interfaces
  • Business logic layer: Deals with the data validation, connectivity, server
  • Database layer: Deals with the connectivity of the database from the application’s front-end

However, for a full stack developer, know how to work on the client and server-side and what’s happening in the app during the development process. They can work on a web stack or native application stack depending on the client’s requirements. Thus, a full stack web developer is almost like T-shaped developers who possess knowledge of the specific language and are sound with a range of generalized concepts.

Is Full Stack Development a New Concept?

No, full-stack development is not a new concept.

During the 70s and 80s, a single programmer could handle entire applications without requiring different frameworks or technologies. At that time, there was not much difference between the backend and the frontend.

The full-stack term came into existence a decade ago when development required different levels of expertise; when it became possible for one person to develop a complete website. Today a full stack web developer is dominating the web development market.

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What does the Full Stack Developer do?

The primary responsibility of a full-stack developer is to design user interactions on websites and platforms, writing optimized code for mobile, and developing databases. First, let’s look at the other responsibilities of full-stack developers.

Here are the basic responsibilities of full-stack developers:

  • Understands the requirements of the client and work with the development team and project managers to design a solution
  • Manages databases, servers, and third-party apps
  • Design and develops API
  • Need to work with the entire software development team, including front-end, middleware, and back-end
  • Build Proof-of-Concept(POC) to demonstrate the clients
  • Ensures cross-platform optimization for mobile phones
  • Ensures responsive design for all the platforms
  • Works with the graphic designers for the web design features
  • Understand software architecture concepts
  • Test and debug the issues in the code
  • From concept to implementation; they transform requirements into a finished product
  • Build reusable code for future use
  • Work with the creative team to design the innovative solution
  • Ensures high quality of code on design and website
  • Stay abreast with the latest web applications and programming languages

We have also written a detailed guide on the difference between full-stack developers vs software engineers.

What are the Advantages of Hiring Full Stack Developers?

advantages-of-full-stack-developer

Here are seven reasons to hire full-stack web developers.

  1. Knowledge of Both Front-end and Back-end

  2. A full-stack web developer is well versed with front-end and back-end development which enables to switch between client-side or server-side. Full-stack web developers deal with the languages like Python, .NET, PHP, JavaScript, Node.js, and other frameworks.

    Apart from front-end and back-end, they even understand DevOps and are adept at handling all three-tier architecture mentioned above. A full-stack developer is aware of the outcome and issues during development.

  3. Provides Valuable Insight

  4. An experienced full stack professional has in-depth knowledge about web and mobile app development. Full-stack developers act as a bridge between the client and team; they can easily communicate the requirements and are skilled enough to identify the problems during the development. Thus their insights can be valuable for delivering projects on time.

  5. Proves to be a Cost-efficient Solution

  6. Rather than hire different professionals for front-end and back-end separately, it is recommended to hire a full stack developer who is an affordable solution for the company. You can have fewer people on board as full-stack professionals can easily handle the front-end and back-end of the website.

    If you are developing an MVP, a full-stack developer can work on every aspect of the project. They will ensure that they spend minimum time in the initial phase. Hiring developers and managing them separately needs time, money and effort. Full-stack developers can reduce this hassle.

  7. Implements Pixel-Perfect UI

  8. One of the advantages of hiring full-stack developers is, they have basic design ability and are able to create a design structure that does not just confine them to backend web development. Since they are abreast with the latest technology and frameworks, they can implement smart features to build responsive and interactive websites.

    A full-stack developer can implement the whole design structure and share innovative design solutions with the UI/UX team. Apart from web development, they can maintain and optimize the existing system.

  9. Faster and Timely Delivery of Projects

  10. Full-stack developers often work in a group or team, which divides the work responsibilities. Thus they can coordinate with every team member to come up with the required output.

    Since full-stack developers are aware of different technology and tools, they will spend less time discussing and can help everyone in the team. Having a full-stack developer in the team can streamline the overall process of web development, which results in fast and timely delivery of the project.

  11. Can Easily Handle the Project from Start to Completion

  12. A full-stack engineer can take up the ownership of the entire project from beginning till end. If the client has asked for proof-of-concept(POC), they can get involved in the middle of the project and quickly build the application.

  13. Provides Better Support and Maintenance

  14. After development, whether there is an issue in the front-end or back-end or at the database level, full-stack developers can quickly resolve the issues as they have a core understanding of the functionalities. Since they understand various technologies, they can provide better support and maintenance.

What Skills are Required to Become a Full Stack Developer?

skills-required-to-become-full-stack-developer

Full-stack web developers need to master at least one front-end technology and backend development technology.

  1. Front-end technologies: Front-end is the presentation layer in the software architecture that deals with the user engagement and user interaction of the website. Full-stack web developers understand front-end programming languages like HTML, CSS, and Javascript. Moreover, they are also well-acquainted with front-end frameworks like Angular, React, and Vue.js. A Full stack developer keeps themselves updated with the various technology stack.
  2. Back-end technologies: As the name says, it runs in the background which deals with databases to store your data. It is not visible to the users but is responsible for the entire running of the website. A full-stack developer needs to have expertise in programming languages like PHP, Java, and Python, C#, and Ruby and a background framework like Django, Spring, .NET, and Express.js.
  3. Database: Database is one of the important things in full-stack web development as it deals with data collection stored in the computer system. A full-stack web developer knows database functions like storing and creating data. They have knowledge of database software like Redis, Oracle, MySQL, and MongoDB.

Apart from this, other stack developer skills are:

  • Understanding of end-to-end web development process including business logic, database development, user interaction, and server configurations
  • Coding skills of web development technologies like JavaScript, CSS, and HTML
  • Familiarity with modern development approaches like continuous integration, DevOps, and Agile
  • Knowledge of designing, testing, and concept of object-oriented designs, cloud, automation, and REST APIs
  1. LAMP Stack (Linux, Apache, MySQL, and PHP)
  2. MEAN Stack ( MongoDB, Express, Angular, and Node.js)
  3. MERN Stack ( MongoDB, Express, React, and Node.js)
  4. Ruby on Rails
  5. Python Full Stack

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What is the Salary Range of Full Stack Developers in Canada?

A full-stack developer salary is based on experience and technical expertise.

However, according to Indeed, the average salary for a full-stack developer is $81,685/year in Canada or $43.59/hour. The salary of freshers starts at $70,000 per year, while most experienced full-stack developers can earn up to $117,000/ year.

full stack developer average income in canada

Which are the Highest Paying Cities in Canada for Full Stack Developers?

CitiesSalary/Year
Toronto$ 90,292
Vancouver, BC$ 84,749
Ottawa$ 81.038
Montreal$ 80,079
Calgary$ 77,656

Future Scope of Full Stack Developer in Canada

According to Google Trends Canada, the future of full-stack developers seems promising.

full-stack developer trends

According to HackerRank 2020 Developer Skills Report, 38% of hiring managers said that full-stack developers are the most important role they needed to fill in 2020.

full stack developer roles

Since full-stack developers can develop applications single-handedly saving the company’s time and money in hiring additional resources, they are a valuable asset to the company. Start-ups, SMEs, and enterprises look forward to hiring full-stack developers as they can help to develop applications at a faster pace.

However, this role is a challenging role as they need efficiency and technology knowledge in multiple frameworks.

We hope the above information is convincing enough to hire a full-stack developer for your next project. However, there are some common questions about full-stack developers which need to be addressed. So, have a look at the following FAQ section.

Frequently Asked Questions

  1. What is a Full Stack Python developer?

  2. A full-stack Python developer is a Python developer who can develop end-to-end solutions from understanding user requirements to designing and maintaining applications using Python languages. Full-stack Python developers must be skilled at problem-solving and know the high level of coding in languages like Python, Django, React, Node, Express, HTML, CSS, and AWS.

  3. What is a Full Stack Java developer?

  4. A Full-stack Java developer is a professional who can understand Java technologies from database connection to the development of applications. Full-stack Java developers must have the knowledge about

    1. Operating system: Unix and Linux
    2. Database: My SQL, Postgres, MongoDB
    3. Web framework: Servlets, JSP, JSF, Struts
    4. Testing tools: Junit, Selenium
    5. Version Control System: SVN, Git
    6. DevOps tools: Jenkins, Concourse

Conclusion

The value that a full-stack developer brings to a company is priceless. Full-stack developers have knowledge of versatile technologies. They are not experts in all the domains but certainly understand the scenarios and requirements. Thus, they can propose new ideas using various tools, frameworks, and languages.

You can hire our dedicated full-stack engineers for your project who can build industry-specific web and mobile applications like an on-demand delivery app, and youtube intro maker app. Consult us today.

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Author Bio
Rakesh Patel
Rakesh Patel
Designation: Co-founder and CEO of Space-O Technologies

Mr. Rakesh Patel is a Founder and CEO of Space-O Canada. He has 28 years of IT experience in business strategies, operations & information technology. He has expertise in various aspects of business like project planning, sales, and marketing, and has successfully defined flawless business models for the clients. A techie by mind and a writer at heart, he has authored two books – Enterprise Mobility: Strategy & Solutions and A Guide To Open311.