7 Top Object-oriented Programming Languages to Use in 2024

Whether you are an experienced developer or newbie, to develop your next software or application that is scalable, high-performing, and secure, you probably want to choose a reliable object-oriented language.

Being a software development company in Canada, we understand how tedious and difficult it is to choose a perfect object-oriented programming OOP language when you have multiple options. That’s why we have written this blog post to help you.

According to the TIOBE Programming Community index, Python, Java, C++, C# and a few more are the top object-oriented programming languages to develop small to large-scale applications.

Go through the following list to find out the most suitable object-oriented language for your project. Let’s get started.

List of the Object-oriented Programming Languages

Here is a table consisting of the top object-oriented programming languages. From this table, you will learn about top companies using each OOP language, use cases, and the number of developers using each programming language. We have taken the number of developers of each OOP language from Statista.

Icon LanguageCompanies Using This OOP LanguageUse CasesNo. of Developers
  • Google
  • Dropbox
  • Netflix
  • Instagram
  • Spotify
  • Web development
  • Data analysis
  • Scientific computing
  • Machine learning
15.7 million
  • Amazon
  • Google
  • Netflix
  • LinkedIn
  • IBM
  • Enterprise software
  • Android app development
  • Web development
14.0 million
  • Microsoft
  • Amazon
  • Adobe
  • Facebook
  • Intel
  • Game development
  • Operating systems
  • High-performance software
11 million
  • Microsoft
  • Unity
  • Electronic Arts
  • Amazon
  • Intel
  • Windows desktop applications
  • Game development
  • Web development
10 million
  • Airbnb
  • GitHub
  • Shopify
  • Basecamp
  • Hulu
  • Web development
  • Prototyping
  • Scripting
2.1 million
  • Google
  • Facebook
  • Microsoft
  • Amazon
  • Apple
  • Web development
  • Game development
  • Desktop applications
17.4 million
  • Apple
  • Uber
  • Airbnb
  • LinkedIn
  • Lyft
  • iOS and macOS app development
  • Server-side development
3.5 million

As you have got brief about each programming language, let’s now learn about each language in detail. With the programming paradigm of OOP, you are able to write code in the form of objects and classes, which become easy to handle software at a large scale and modify the data. Let’s start with the most popular language Python and then other programming languages.

  1. Python

    Python is one of the most powerful object-oriented programming languages due to its readability, simplicity, and versatility. With object-oriented capabilities, programmers can quickly write reusable and modular code to create a software solution that is easy to maintain in the future.

    You can use a python programming language to create a variety of applications like web applications, data science and machine learning apps, desktop applications, games, networking apps, automation and scripting.

    Due to the in-built availability of extensive libraries and tools, it becomes easy to develop a wide range of applications. Let’s know about the top features of the python programming language.

      Key Features of Python Programming Language:

    • A dynamic type system which means variable types are determined at runtime rather than compiled time
    • Accessibility to extensive third-party libraries that makes web development, data science, and machine learning easy
    • An interactive shell that allows developers to write and execute code in real-time which is known as REPL
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  3. Java

    Java is one of the widely known and powerful object-oriented programming languages. From developing small to enterprise-level applications, Java programming language is used.

    Whether you want to develop applications for healthcare, finance, banking, or any type of industry, Java becomes the first choice of experienced and senior developers. Due to security, platform independency, reliability, and scalability, Java becomes an ideal choice for developers due to its purest form of OOP concepts.

    Using Java, the most powerful object-oriented language in the software development world, you can develop multiple types of applications like web applications, desktop applications, mobile apps, enterprise apps, embedded systems, scientific and numeric computing, games, and education tools.

    Before moving to other languages, let’s know about the different features of Java which make it a powerful object-oriented language in the market.

      Key Features of Java Programming Language:

    • In-built memory management that automatically manages the allocation and deallocation of memory
    • In-built security features, such as a sandbox environment for running untrusted code, and a security manager to control access to system resources
    • A set of rich APIs that provide access to a wide range of functionalities, such as networking, input/output, database connectivity, and interface development
    • Platform-independency that makes Java code run on any platform which has a Java Virtual Machine (JVM) automatically
  4. C++

    Since the 1980s, developers have been using C++ programming languages to create high-level programming constructs. C++ is an advanced version of the C programming language. It is designed to be an object-oriented programming language that helps you to write code that is structured, scalable, and easy to manage.

    When you want to develop software that is powerful and efficient, choosing C++ programming language becomes an ideal choice.

    C++, an object-oriented programming (OOP) language, allows you to create system software, games, financial software, scientific software, data processing applications, graphics/multimedia applications, networking applications, and artificial intelligence/machine learning applications.

    No matter how complex or easy an application you want to develop, the C++ programming language helps you to create from scratch. Let’s know the core features of C++ programming language.

      Key Features of C++ Programming Language:

    • The Standard Template Library (STL) makes it easy to write code that is efficient, concise, and easy to read
    • The multiple-paradigm supports writing code into a variety of programming styles that includes OOP, functional, and procedural programming
    • Exception handling allows developers to write code that can handle errors and exceptions gracefully
    • Multi-threading allows the management of multiple threads of execution concurrently within a single process.
  5. C#

    C# is one of the modern and powerful object-oriented programming languages developed by Microsoft under the .Net framework as its part. C# is popular for developing complex applications as it is designed to be easy to learn from beginners and experienced developers.

    As said, C# object-oriented programming language is developed under the .Net framework. Because of that, C# programming language has a high degree of integration with the .Net framework’s libraries and tools. C# supports LINQ, one of the powerful features, that allows you to query data from various sources from a unified syntax from databases to XML files.

    You can use C# object-oriented programming language for developing applications like Windows desktop applications, web applications, games, mobile applications, cloud applications, scientific apps, complex financial and banking apps, and eCommerce applications.

    Let’s learn about the key features of C# programming language.

      Key Features of C# Programming Language:

    • LINQ (Language-Integrated Query) allows developers to write queries to manipulate collections of objects, XML documents, and databases
    • Offers exception handling to effectively handle errors and issues in a structured way
    • Cross-platform support that allows developing applications for desktop, web, and mobile operating systems like Windows, macOS, and Linux
    • An automatic garbage collection to manage memory allocation and deallocation without any manual interface
  6. Ruby

    Ruby is one of the dynamic, powerful, and modern object-oriented programming languages created with a philosophy that emphasizes simplicity, elegance, and expressiveness. This is an open-source object-oriented programming language that has a combination of elements like object-oriented, functional, and imperative programming.

    If you are looking for an object-oriented programming language that is simple, readable, and productive, then Ruby should be your choice. With this programming language, you can quickly and efficiently develop web applications. Ruby is well-known in object-oriented languages due to its versatility in developing applications like web apps, scripting, game, mobile app, desktop, chatbots, and machine learning and data science apps.

    Let’s know the key features of Ruby’s programming language.

      Key Features of Ruby Programming Language:

    • The dynamic and interpreted feature allows code to be executed at runtime, rather than being complied time
    • Metaprogramming allows you to write code that generates other code at runtime
    • An automatic garbage collection so there is no headache of manual memory management
    • A standard library that offers useful modules and classes for common programming tasks
    • Unicode support allows you to work with a wide range of character sets and languages
  7. JavaScript

    If you are looking for an object-oriented programming language that helps you in client-side and server-side development, JavaScript can help you. JavaScript is a dynamic, high-level, and interpreted programming language that helps you develop feature-rich and dynamic web pages and web applications. In addition, JavaScript is not like most OOP languages that work on class-based programming.

    Earlier JavaScript programming language was created for client-side web browsers, further, as the demand increased, this language was available for both sides of development. You can use the JavaScript programming language for creating applications like web apps, games, and mobile apps.

    Let’s learn about the core features of the JavaScript programming language.

      Key Features of JavaScript Programming Language:

    • Asynchronous programming to execute multiple programs at the same time without blocking the execution of the main program
    • DOM manipulation to dynamically modify the content and structure of a web page
    • Cross-platform compatibility means JavaScript runs on all major web browsers and operating system
    • JavaScript is event-driven which means it responds to events such as mouse clicks, form submissions, and page loads.
  8. Swift

    If you are looking to develop software or applications specifically for Apple products, Swift is the top choice. Swift is an open-source object-oriented programming language developed by Apple Inc. It is designed to develop a fast, safe, and reliable application for Apple’s platforms, such as macOS, iOS, watchOS, and tvOS. Due to concise syntax, type inference, and support for multiple programming languages, JavaScript becomes the most popular object-oriented programming language.

    Back in 2014, Apple developed Swift programming language as a replacement for Objective-C to increase the productivity of developers. Swift is a concise syntax that is easy to read and write because of this it becomes one of the ideal choices for experienced to beginner developers.

    Swift is one of the most popular and particular core object-oriented programming languages. Using this programming language, you can create mobile apps, desktops apps, wearable apps, and Apple TV apps. Here are the key features of Swift programming language.

      Key Features of Swift Programming Language:

    • Interoperability of code of language Objective-C and C code for integrating into existing projects
    • Automatic reference counting to manage memory making it easy for developers to focus on writing code rather than manual memory management
    • Functional programming to write programs that are concise and expressive
    • The Playground is a unique feature of Swift that allows developers to write and test code in real-time without having to build and run an application

These 7 are the best object-oriented programming languages that help you to develop scalable, reliable, and secure applications. When you are looking for web development, Python, Java, Ruby, and JavaScript are the most popular choices.

Whereas, if you are looking for an object-oriented programming language for data science and machine learning, Python is the top choice of most developers or engineers. Moreover, for automation scripting, Python is one of the most popular OOP languages. Depending on your project requirements, you can choose the right language and get your development started.

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Do you still have questions regarding object-oriented programming concepts and languages? Check the next section of the FAQ to find the answers.

FAQ About Object-oriented Languages

  1. What is object-oriented programming?

  2. The OOP concept is a programming paradigm that emphasizes writing codes into reusable and modular objects which represent real-world objects. This concept is based on classes and objects. A class is a template for creating objects that have similar characteristics and behaviour. A parent class has properties and methods which include variables, data structures, and functions. Moreover, a child class can inherit the properties and methods of the parent class. This way, you don’t have to write a single code multiple times and which results in code reuse.

  3. What are the four object-oriented programming principles?

  4. The four core principles of object-oriented programming languages are abstraction, inheritance, encapsulation, and polymorphism.

  5. Which is the best object-oriented programming language?

  6. There is no best OOP language because each language has its own strengths and weaknesses. You can choose the languages depending on your project specification and the expertise of the development team you hire. A few of the top object-oriented programming languages are Python, Java, C#, JavaScript, and Ruby.

  7. How long does it take to learn object-oriented programming?

  8. The time duration to learn the OOP language depends on several factors, such as the individual’s programming experience, the complexity of the programming language, knowledge of procedural and functional programming, the quality of learning resources, and the amount of time you give to learning. All these factors play a core role when considering the time duration for learning OOP.

Choose the Right OOP Language for Your Project

In this article, you learned about the top and popular programming languages that help you to develop scalable, flexible, and high-performing software and complex systems. Considering your project specifications and requirements, you can choose the best OOP language. By utilizing object-oriented programming, you get advantages like code reusability, parallel development, maintenance, security, and modularity.

If you have a project in mind and are looking for a software development team, let’s connect. We are one of the prominent software development companies in Canada, having experience in developing and deploying 300+ custom software and mobile solutions.

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Rakesh Patel

Written by

Rakesh Patel is the Founder and CEO of Space-O Technologies (Canada). He has 28 years of IT experience in business strategies, operations & information technology. He has expertise in various aspects of business like project planning, sales, and marketing, and has successfully defined flawless business models for the clients. A techie by mind and a writer at heart, he has authored two books – Enterprise Mobility: Strategy & Solutions and A Guide To Open311

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