Vue vs React: Which Framework is Better to Choose and When?

Vue vs React – two of the most popular javascript frontend frameworks for web apps! Both have gained a great deal of acknowledgment from developers and are commonly used over the last 3 years.

Although their technological structure is somewhat different, they are frequently compared to each other due to a common collection of features that make them compete in the market for a web development process. But each framework has its own way to respond to the business need. So, each time you start a project, you face a tough choice. React or Vue?

To make things simple, we have compiled a detailed React vs Vue comparison. Let’s get on it.

What is Vue?

What is Vue js

Vue.js is an open-source Model-View-ViewModel front-end JavaScript platform to build user interfaces and single-page frameworks. Vue modules broaden common HTML templates to encapsulate reusable code. It was developed by Evan You after working on a variety of projects for Google using AngularJS. Check out the detailed guide on what is Vue js framework and it’s Pros & Cons.

 

Evan You Quoted: “What If I extract the part that I really liked about Angular and build something really lightweight.”

What is React?

What is React js

React is an open-source JavaScript library to develop front end user interfaces or UI components. React can be used as a base for creating single-page or smartphone apps, which has been maintained by Facebook and web developers ever since Jordan Walke launched it.

React, however, is primarily concerned with state management and getting the state to the DOM, so it usually requires external routing libraries to be used to build React applications.

Comparative Table: Vue vs React

Attribute

Vue Js

Vue

ReactJs

React Js

Initial Release20142013
Developed ByEvan YouJordan Walke
TypeJavaScript frameworkJavaScript library
Written InJavaScript, TypeScriptJavaScript
Open Source
Virtual DOM
Components Library
Reactivity
Documentation
Large Ecosystem
State ManagementVuexRedux
ReusabilityMaximum reusabilityOnly CSS
Data-bindingTwo-wayOne-way
Development SpeedFastFast
Popularity2nd Rank among Most loved Web Frameworks1st Rank among Most loved Web Frameworks
RenderingServer-sideServer-side
Learning CurveLowHigh
SimplicitySimpleComplex

A Detailed Comparison of Vue vs React

Each analogy includes not only differences but also similarities. And certain of them are shared by React and Vue.js are as mentioned below.

Performance of Vue vs React

Here, we are talking about speed performance, and there are two main metrics that determine the speed of an app,

  • Start-up time
  • Runtime performance

So, let’s suppose you load a web page before taking any action and you load a web page after performing any actions (edit, delete, add rows, etc.)

What will be the consequences of your page heap size before and after? Look at the below table.

ReactVue
Initial Application Size8.3 MB7.6 MB
Size After Action (For example, you add 1000 rows)15.1 MB16.4 MB
  • Vue Performance

    As we can see, both libraries have tiny bundle sizes, but the status of the Vue framework becomes unpredictable with each new function introduced or expansion of a part, making it harder for the program to load faster (from 7.6 to 16.4 for a single edit). But thankfully, this architecture has a virtual DOM, which serves as the default tool that helps to maximize an application’s performance.

  • React Performance

    The performance of the React app is faster and lightweight of individual React components operating in a pleasant functional way in the UI. React’s component-based architecture allows it to build systems with stable single-page applications, reducing code clutter reusability, and speeds up page loading with minimized DOM manipulation. All this adds to the quality of the smooth software and the UI.

Architecture of Vue vs React

Talking about component-based architecture, the elements of the program should be replicated on your own in various areas of the framework in different situations and should be easy to understand.

  • Vue Architecture

    Vue focuses on the ViewModel approach and adopts the MVVM pattern, especially in cases of large-scale enterprise application development. In a two-way linking technique, the view portion and the model portion are related, as such

    • Model: Identifies a JavaScript model object.
    • View: The control of the DOM instances takes place.
    • ViewModel: It Manages the need for synchronization between the code component file of the Model and the View.
  • React Architecture

    React libraries cater to the application view layer that is composed of single-file components. If the data shifts, components in React.js serve as functions that render the underlying user interface. The internal architecture of React js constitutes a continuous interaction between the behavior of the users and the state of the application components.

Documentation of Vue vs React

The goal behind good documentation is to organize the details, create a portrait of the application, analyze thousands of expectations, draw out information, identify the priorities, and target C of the project.

  • Vue Documentation

    While in the JavaScript room, Vue is the youngest platform, it has the best practices when it comes to documentation hands-down. Vue has been praised for its simple and concise documentation by many developers. Therefore, new developers love to get on board with Vue CLI due to its ease to work through the principles.

  • React Documentation

    The React documentation is getting better lately, and the core team of React is making an attempt to develop the documentation. It goes over the foundations of the growth of React and contains some advanced ideas, but the introduction is not as open or well-structured.

    But if you had to compare the React vs Vue documents currently, the obvious winner is Vue.

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Data Binding Vue vs React

For any web application development, when the developer connects the business logic data to UI components, there are two ways to handle this data synchronization. One way binding and two-way binding.

  • Vue Data Binding

    Vue offers both one-way and two-way linking, which is called the binding of reactive two-way data. It immediately chooses the correct way for the elements to be changed depending on the input form. This is where Vue.js takes the cake. It is as quick as applying a v-model attribute to the input tag and Vue CLI takes care of it for you.

    Vue Two Way Data Binding

  • React Data Binding

    Compared to Vue, React uses a one-way data-binding technique, also known as single direction data flow, meaning that the UI element can not be altered without modifying the corresponding changes in the model state or can import evaluation.

    React One Way Data Binding

    However, it makes it easy for a React developer to debug React apps because the data flows only in a single direction.

Popularity Vue vs React

The javascript frameworks we are debating are called the “big two” for a reason.

Let’s start with the Stack overflow survey 2020 for most loved web frameworks!
Popularity Vue vs React
(Source: Stack Overflow)

Based on the number of questions raised by the experienced developers currently operating within the specific platform, Stack Overflow revealed that React.js and Vue.js are among the developers’ most loved and most wanted software platforms.

However, when it comes to sheer popularity, you can see React.js leading it in a big way from the below NPM trends in the last 6 months.

Downloads Stats React vs Vue js
(Source: NPM Trends)

Popularity debate without naming Google? Look at the below-embedded data from Google trends. This breaks down quest patterns for React jobs and Vue search over the last 12 months.

Vue vs React Trends
(Source: Google Trends)

Though Vue has gained traction in the last three years, it may take some time for Vue to be used by projects or new Vue-adopted projects to achieve a maturity level that commands a greater number of developers, in comparison to React.

State Management Vue vs React

State management refers to the data sharing between all web components of the UI. When your system gets larger, without unwanted side effects, it gets harder to handle this data.

  • Vue State Management

    There is no need for local status in Vue Js since you can change data using the Vue object’s data rights. However, you’ll need an additional library for state control for larger web applications (e.g. Vuex).

  • React State Management

    For React apps, state object communication is very crucial since it deals with large-scale solutions. However, with large states, there are a variety of frameworks such as Redux that can support you for state management. They offer a single means of changing the state, making it easy to debug.

Community Support for React vs Vue

Since learning about each framework’s patterns, let’s determine each framework’s growth by looking at their community culture.

  • React Community Support

    React libraries were created by Facebook to promote its ad campaigns, as stated earlier. There’s already a dedicated team of Facebook developers who are trying to improve it continuously. Since they coded many of their products for React, Facebook has invested heavily in this framework – one of the key reasons why React’s reliability among developers is steadily growing.

  • Vue Community Support

    Vue is not a product of any top-notch company like Angular and React. You may imagine that this may have caused its reputation to suffer a major setback. Though, it’s totally the opposite. Thanks to its free nature, this JavaScript application has gained considerable prominence.

    To back the claim, look at React vs Vue with respect to statistics on their GitHub repositories.

Github: React vs Vue

Github Community React vs Vue
(Source: Github React, Github Vue)

The numbers mentioned above tell the same tale in terms of group participation, with react leading the pack. Facebook engineers make React the fastest-growing tool in the world of developers. But, how famous Vue.js is with the open-source community, even without the sponsorship of a top-level business, is commendable.

Components (Vue vs React)

Components, no matter whether we’re talking about Vue or React, are indispensable parts of all frameworks. In general, a component gets an input, and depending on it, changes actions. This change in action normally presents itself as a change in the UI of some portion of the website. The use of components makes code reuse simple.

  • Vue Components

    Vue is extremely flexible, which enables you to merge component UI and actions from within a document. Compared to React, you can also use pre-processors rather than CSS in the Vue approach, which is the most suitable option, especially when it comes to integration with other libraries, including Bootstrap.

  • React Components

    On the other hand, React approaches UI community architecture by separating them into the react component, meaning constructing modules that regulate your own state and assemble them into a more complicated UI component in different parts.

Learning Curve (Vue vs React)

Now, let’s talk about how hard each of these frameworks to learn!

  • React Learning Curve

    React offers a guide to get started that can help us set up React in about an hour. With solutions to common problems already available on Stack Overflow, the documentation is comprehensive and complete.

    However, React is not a full platform, and the use of third-party libraries is required for advanced functionality. This makes the core framework’s learning curve not so steep, but it depends on the direction you follow for additional features. Learning to use React.js does not always suggest you are following the best methods.

  • Vue Learning Curve

    Vue provides greater customization and is thus easier to understand than Angular or React. In comparison, Vue has an overlap with Angular and React in terms of its features, such as the use of modules. Therefore, the transition from either of the two to Vue is a simple choice offering a clear separation of concerns. Vue’s versatility and accessibility is a double-edged sword, allowing weak programming, making debugging and testing impossible with tools like Vue CLI.

Mobile Platform (React vs Vue)

Writing codes on a platform and compiling them to Android/iOS apps is a big task. So, let’s see how both javascript frameworks handle it.

  • React Mobile Platform

    There is a javascript framework named React Native if you use React Js and want to create native smartphone apps running on Android and iOS. It’s a big benefit for React developers so they can take advantage of current expertise instead of learning a whole new technology.

  • Vue Mobile Platform

    While Vue.js does not have a dedicated platform like React Native, this does not mean that native apps can not be built. You can develop a React Native-like platform using either Weex (cross-platform UI framework from Alibaba) or a plugin called NativeScript-Vue for developing native applications.

    Though, Vue.js and React have much in common; you can use Electron for all of them if you want to create desktop apps.

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Pros and Cons of React vs Vue

When you conceive a project proposal, the pros and cons need to be looked at. These are, however, relevant from the point of view of a company owner, and few from a technical point of view. Take a look.

Vue JS Pros & Cons:

ProsCons
  • Better performance with smaller app sizes.
  • Easy to understand and develop
  • Detailed documentation
  • Two-way communication
  • Friendly community support
  • Scale your product easily
  • Optimize relevant HTML templates for different child components
  • A closed community development environment
  • Offers too much flexibility for project
  • Limited plugins and third-party tools
  • Language barrier

React JS Pros & Cons:

ProsCons
  • Easy syntax and components of JSX for templates
  • Fast speed of processing due to virtual DOM
  • High-quality documentation
  • A wide community of experts and plenty of ready-made solutions
  • One-way data linking
  • Quick migration to the new versions of the architecture for development
  • Reusable and easy-to-test code generated with React
  • Pleasant Seo and quick concepts
  • Boosts efficiency and allows product maintenance faster
  • A closed community development environment
  • JSX may seem confusing if the templates are many and they intersect
  • Poor documentation
  • The high pace of development process
  • Only view part support

When to Choose React? When to Choose Vue?

The selection always comes down to the specific case for most technology. So, let’s understand which situations are better for React and which are best for Vue.

Choose React IfChoose Vue If
You need a complex large-scale enterprise solutionYou need a web app solution as soon as possible
You need continuous support and planning to expand it greatlyYou plan to create simple apps and don’t need continuous support
You want to develop a full-fledged mobile appYou need to migrate new technology to an existing project or need lightweight apps
You have professional React developersYou have less experienced Vue developers and junior level of team
You want to create apps with versatilityYou want to work on your app component by the component
You prefer Javascript over HTMLYou prefer clean code and HTML

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Popular Use Cases of React and Vue

Globally renowned providers and software make use of both Vue.Js and React. Let’s list down some of the big names using Vue and React.

React Use Cases

  • Netflix: The React version works best with Netflix, especially on their platform called Gibbon, which is used in web browsers for low-cost TV devices.
  • Asana: For project management, the tech giant Asana is one of the best build systems out there. It is a mobile and web application built using the React framework to help organize, track and monitor teamwork.
  • Yahoo Mail: Created in 1999 with C++ and HTML, it evolved to React and NodeJS in 2015 via Java and PHP. Yahoo! mail service was in deep need of improvements at this point in time.
  • Airbnb: React is also used at the front end of this world-famous holiday rental site app, Airbnb. Have you ever realized how easily web page items load into the screen of the Airbnb app? The data is revised organically, without delays or bugs, by splitting it into many blocks, all thanks to React!

Vue Use Cases

  • Alibaba: Not only did the Chinese e-commerce giant embrace Vue as its go-to frontend solution, but it also built Weex, a platform that is entirely compliant with Vue for developing mobile user interfaces.
  • WizzAir: WizzAir is one of the most common low-cost airlines in Europe, with almost 20 million monthly entries. There is an impressive, just under a second, load time on WizzAir’s website by using the Vue router as the primary frontend platform.
  • Grammarly: Grammarly is an invaluable asset in anyone’s stack that writes for personal or technical use in English. The entire user interface of Grammarly was developed with Vue router, resulting in an easy but powerful online text editor serving millions of users.
  • GitLab: GitLab agreed to embrace Vue Js after unsuccessfully attempting to solve maintenance and scalability challenges for its previous software stack.

To sum it up, it is interesting to note that Instagram and WhatsApp services belong to Facebook which still uses React.

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FAQs

  1. What is the difference between React and Vue?

    Vue is two-way binding, while React is one-way binding. Plus, when looking at the learning curve, Vue is smoother than React, and implementations can be constructed in a shorter time than ReactJS.

  2. Which is more popular: Vue or React?

    React has gained more attention than Vue on the basis of Stackoverflow and Google Trends.

  3. Which is better, Vue or React in 2021?

    It’s difficult to determine which is the best choice when an application performs excellently in both Vue and React. VueJS is relatively simpler to understand than ReactJS, looking at developer viewpoints.

  4. When to use React vs Vue?

    Whereas react is a library, Vue is a framework, the use of these languages totally depends on their specifications for the project.

  5. Is react more powerful than Vue?

    In the case of large-scale development, React may be the best choice as React adopts the JSX format, where HTML is written in JavaScript.

Conclusion

For modern web apps, both libraries are a perfect alternative. With support from companies and a large open-source network, React is the battle-tested leader. While Vue is a rising star of front-end development.

So, once you choose the framework that fits your organization and is ready for your project development, you can approach a technology partner like Space-O, an application development agency in Toronto. We build minimum awesome products to large-scale applications using Vue and React. For more queries, contact us and our experts will get back to you!

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Author Bio
Rakesh Patel
Rakesh Patel
Designation: Co-founder and CEO of Space-O Technologies

Mr. Rakesh Patel is a Founder and CEO of Space-O Canada. He has 28 years of IT experience in business strategies, operations & information technology. He has expertise in various aspects of business like project planning, sales, and marketing, and has successfully defined flawless business models for the clients. A techie by mind and a writer at heart, he has authored two books – Enterprise Mobility: Strategy & Solutions and A Guide To Open311.