Top Web Development Technologies to Use in 2024

Are you wondering which web technology stack to choose for building your next web applications?

You are reading the right blog post.

With so many options available for different web development technologies, whether you are an entrepreneur or web developer, you have to choose your web application’s tech stack wisely.

As one of the leading web development agencies in Canada, we have a comprehensive and strong understanding of web development technologies like tools, frameworks, programming languages, and libraries.

In this blog, you will learn:

  • Different types of tools used for web development
  • Web development programming languages
  • Web development frameworks
  • JavaScript libraries used for web development

Let’s dive into this blog.

Classification of Web Development Technologies

The technologies used for web development are divided into four main categories:

  • Web development frameworks
  • Web development programming languages
  • Front-end development libraries
  • Web development tools

We have differentiated technologies for web development in a similar manner as mentioned above. First, you will learn about the different types of tools that are used during web application development.

Second, you learn about the programming and scripting languages that help web designers to create a user interface and developers write application code. Third, you learn about the frameworks that help to build a reliable, scalable, and powerful web application that can handle thousands of users. Fourth, learn about the libraries that make the developer’s life easy by speeding up the entire web development process.

Let’s learn about top web development technologies in detail that help developers and engineers in the process to create robust and scalable web apps.

So, firstly, you will learn about the programming languages that help developers to write code for a web application. Web programming languages help developers to set rules, instructions, and syntax to communicate with computer applications to create web applications. In short, programming languages are designed to write code for building a web application.

9 Best Web Development Programming Languages

As one of the leading web development companies, we have experience in developing and deploying web and software solutions for 100+ clients worldwide. Check the following table to learn about the top markup and programming languages.

Programming LanguageLanguage NameKey Features Use Cases
HTMLHTML (Hypertext Markup Language)
  • Design structure and content of web pages
  • Tags and attributes to organize and format content
  • Easily integrate with other web development tech stack
  • Static web pages
  • Building websites
  • Creating email templates
  • Creating digital e-books and publications
CSS CSS (Cascading Style Sheets)
  • Add style and formatting to web pages
  • Selectors, properties, and values to control the visual appearance of web page
  • Create responsive web designs
  • Static web pages
  • Building websites
  • Creating email templates
  • Creating digital e-books and publications
  • Programming paradigms, procedural, object-oriented, and functional programming
  • Manipulate DOM
  • Interact with HTML and CSS
  • Web development
  • Servers-side development
  • Mobile development
  • Machine learning
  • IoT
  • Large standard library
  • Dynamically typed
  • Scalable and Versatile
  • High-level language
  • Web development
  • Data analysis
  • Machine learning
  • Automation
  • Desktop application
  • Game development
  • Artificial intelligence
  • Dynamic and interpreted
  • Automatic memory management
  • Large standard library
  • Metaprogramming
  • Highly extensible
  • Web development
  • Prototyping
  • Automation
  • Data analysis
  • Game development
  • Server-side scripting
  • Interoperability
  • Extensibility
  • Embeddable
  • Secure
  • Scalable
  • Web development
  • CMS development
  • eCommerce development
  • Web services
  • Platform independent
  • Multi-threading
  • Robust and secure
  • Large standard library
  • Memory management
  • Web development
  • Mobile development
  • Enterprise applications
  • Scientific computing
  • Big data
  • Gaming
  • Internet of Things
  • Built-in concurrency
  • Fast compilation time
  • Garbage collection
  • Cross-platform support
  • Built-in libraries
  • System development
  • Network programming
  • Web development
  • DevOps automation
  • Cloud computing
  • Static typing
  • Class and interface support
  • Type interface
  • Rich configuration
  • Code navigation
  • Auto-completion
  • Refactoring
  • Web development
  • Mobile development
  • Desktop development
  • Large-scale development
  • Automation

This is the list of the latest programming languages used for web apps or website development. Whether you want to develop a small, medium-sized, or large application, any of these listed programming languages is useful to code your application that is even accessible on mobile devices.

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Each programming language has its own features so you can choose the most suitable one according to your requirements. Now, let’s learn about the frameworks used for web application development.

List of 8 Top Web Development Frameworks

Check the following table which includes a list of web development frameworks that include information like core features, architecture, and examples of web apps.

Framework IconFramework NameCore FeaturesFramework ArchitectureExamples of Web Apps
  • Declarative programming
  • Virtual DOM
  • JSX Syntax
  • One-way data flow
  • Component-based
  • Facebook
  • Netflix
  • Instagram
  • Two-way data binding
  • Depending injection
  • Directives to create custom HTML tags and attributes
  • Component-based
  • Google
  • Microsoft
  • Microsoft
  • Reactive data binding for automatic UI
  • Templating for building reusable UI
  • Virtual DOM
  • Component-based
  • Alibaba
  • Xiaomi
  • Adobe
  • Object-relational mapping
  • URL routing
  • Templating engine
  • Built-in admin interface
  • SQL injection protection
  • Clickjacking application
  • Model-View-Controller (MVC)
  • Spotify
  • Youtube
  • Instagram
Ruby on RailsRuby on Rails
  • Convention over configuration
  • ActiveRecord
  • Gems
  • Scaffolding
  • Model-View-Controller (MVC)
  • Basecamp
  • Github
  • SoundCloud
  • Minimalism
  • Flexibility
  • Extensibility
  • Jinja2 templating engine
  • Werkzeug WSGI toolkit
  • Model-View-Controller (MVC)
  • Twilio
  • Netflix
  • Lyft
  • Routing
  • Blade templating engine
  • Eloquent ORM
  • Artisan command-line tool
  • Modular structure
  • Model-View-Controller (MVC)
  • Laracasts
  • Twitch
  • Ninja Invoice
  • Lightweight and fast
  • Error handling and logging
  • Libraries and helpers
  • Modular structure
  • Template engine
  • Model-View-Controller (MVC)
  • Buffer
  • iCagenda
  • Kiva
  • PyroCMS

Web development frameworks are the core part of web technologies that help developers to create scalable, reliable, and secure web applications. Moreover, the primary use of using a web development framework helps to save time, improve consistency, increase security, and improve the scalability of a web application.

Next, let’s learn about the libraries used for creating web applications.

A library is a set of pre-written code of features and functionalities that is useful for web development. This way, developers are able to write less code, increase productivity, and simplify complex tasks.

12 Top Libraries Use for Web Development from Scratch

Here is the table that includes information about the top libraries used for web development with their name, core features, and top applications built.

Library IconLibrary NameCore FeaturesFamous Applications
  • DOM manipulation
  • Event handling
  • AJAX
  • Animation and effects
  • LinkedIn
  • Twitter
  • Uber
  • Responsive design
  • Customization
  • Pre-design UI components
  • Airbnb
  • Spotify
  • NASA
  • Data binding
  • Scalable vector graphics
  • Selections and manipulation
  • Modular design
  • SVG manipulation
  • The New York Times
  • Twitter
  • 3D graphics rendering
  • WebGL support
  • Support for multiple file formats
  • BMW
  • Google
  • Red Bull
  • HTML5 charts and graphs
  • Responsive design
  • Customization
  • Interactivity
  • Amnesty International
  • Cisco
  • Utility library
  • Array/object manipulation
  • Functional programming
  • Slack
  • Airbnb
  • Etsy
  • Date and time manipulation
  • Parsing/formatting
  • Time zones
  • Atlassian
  • Trello
  • Walmart
  • Real-time bidirectional event-based communication
  • WebSocket support
  • Automatic reconnection
  • Custom events
  • Microsoft
  • IBM
  • Accenture
  • Utility library
  • Functional programming
  • Array/object manipulation
  • Pinterest
  • SoundCloud
  • Vimeo
  • Events
  • RESTful API integration
  • Routing
  • Templates
  • Synchronization
  • Hulu
  • Foursquare
  • Airbnb
  • Two-way data binding
  • Templating
  • Routing
  • Templates
  • Components
  • LinkedIn
  • Vine
  • Square
  • Declarative bindings
  • Automatic UI refresh
  • Depending tracking
  • Extensibility
  • Microsoft
  • Dell
  • Siemens

These are the core front-end development libraries that help developers to create innovative and intuitive web applications within a short period of time. Next, you will learn about development tools that help in the entire web development process.

15 Popular Tools Used for Web Development

Learn about the different tools that are used for building single-page applications to progressive web applications. This table includes information like name, cost, and overall ratings about code editors, package managers, database managers, web browsers, and version control tools.

Icon of ToolName of ToolCostOverall Rating out of 5.0 (G2, Stack Overflow, GitHub)
Visual-Studio-CodeVisual Studio CodeFree and open-source 4.8
AtomAtomFree and open-source 4.5
Sublime TextSublime Text$80 for a license 4.3
Notepad++Notepad++Free and open-source 4.2
GitGitFree and open-source 4.7
SVNSVNFree and open-source 3.8
npmnpmFree 4.5
YarnYarnFree 4.2
ApacheApacheFree and open-source 4.6
NginxNginxFree and open-source 4.4
phpMyAdminphpMyAdminFree and open-source 4.2
MongoDB CompassMongoDB CompassFree 4.1
ChromeChromeFree 4.1
FirefoxFirefoxFree 4.5
FirefoxSafariFree 4.2

Note: The ratings mentioned above in the table are taken from different sources like GitHub, Stack Overflow, G2, Capterra, and TechRadar.

These are core tools that are used for creating a web application or website. Using code editors, web browsers, packages, database managers, a web server and version control tools, it becomes easy for every web developer to develop a web application.

The list of the latest web technologies ends here. You have learned about web development tools, frameworks, programming languages, and libraries. A combination of all these web technologies helps you to convert web development project ideas into a reality. But, how do you identify the right combination of web development technology tools? Check the next section.

How to Choose the Right Tech Stack for Web Project Development

Every web development project is unique and different in terms of features, functionalities, number of screens, architecture, design, and project requirements. For example, a social media platform will be different from an eCommerce website.

Moreover, the functionalities and features of each website or web application would be different even if the domain remains the same. Therefore, considering the project requirements and objectives the technology stack of a web project development gets decided. Here is the list of factors to consider when you are choosing the right technology stack for your project development.

  • Understand the web application project requirements
  • Considering the scalability of your project
  • Determine the security of features and vulnerabilities
  • Consider the performance you want to offer in your project
  • Integration capabilities for your project needs
  • Knowing the expertise of your web development team
  • Checking the availability of your resources
  • Number of third-party application programming interface

However, you can even contact an experienced web development agency like Space-O that helps you go from idea validation to development of your web application. So far, we have developed 300+ custom software and web applications for our worldwide clients. You can bring your requirements to us and we will evaluate and start development according to your requirements.

Looking to Hire Dedicated Web Developers?

Let’s talk. Consult our web and software developers to discuss your project requirements and hire our skilled web developers for your project.

We have experience in developing web apps using various frameworks, tools, and technologies mentioned above. Below are some of the projects developed by us.

Recent Web Apps Developed by Us

Do you still have doubts regarding web development technologies? Looking to learn more about the technologies or tools used for web development? Check our next frequently asked questions section.

FAQ About Web Development Technologies

    1. What are the different types of web development?

There are three core types or varieties of web development. The names are front-end development, back-end development, and full-stack web development.

    1. Which are the different latest web technologies?

There are various latest web technologies available in the market. They are Blockchain Technology, Progressive Web Apps, the Internet of Things, Accelerated Mobile Pages, API-first development, AI-powered chatbots, Push Notifications, Micro Front-ends, and Cloud Computing.

    1. What are the different stages of the web development process?

Here are the core steps followed in the web app development process.

      • Planning and requirement gathering
      • Designing of your web application
      • Development of your web app
      • Testing of your web application
      • Deployment of your web application
      • Support and maintenance of your web application
    1. Which are the three main technologies used for web development?

The core technologies helpful in web development are as follows:

    • HTML
    • CSS
    • JavaScript

Select the Right Web Technology Stack for Your Project

You have learned about the latest web development technologies for front-end and back-end development. Web development is one of the core elements for establishing a successful digital business in today’s world. That’s why ensuring to choose the right technology stack for your web development is also important.

So, if you have a web app idea and are not sure which web technology stack to use, you can get in touch with us.

Being into web development services, we have an experienced team of developers who are skilled in Python, Ruby on Rails, Laravel, Node.js, and Express.js. Describe your requirements to our web app experts and get a complete roadmap and web development started.

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Rakesh Patel

Written by

Rakesh Patel is the Founder and CEO of Space-O Technologies (Canada). He has 28 years of IT experience in business strategies, operations & information technology. He has expertise in various aspects of business like project planning, sales, and marketing, and has successfully defined flawless business models for the clients. A techie by mind and a writer at heart, he has authored two books – Enterprise Mobility: Strategy & Solutions and A Guide To Open311

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